Lock, stock and barrel, this article will appear in the coming issue of "Professional Tester" - welcome! :)
Some history: risk-based testing
At “EuroSTAR 1999” in Barcelona, Ståle Amland’s presentation and paper entitled “Risk Based Testing and Metrics” was awarded the prestigious “Best Paper Award”.[...]
Another history: agile-driven reversal of waterfall sequence
Agile-like approach is far older than most 25-years old enthusiasts of lean startup and continuous integration realize: it was first defined in Tom Gilb’s “Evolutionary Project Management” (EVO) already in 70’s, and re-appeared to some extent in every iterative methodology since then. [...]
Sadly, this great leap in process quality, offered by test-first, agile approach, was followed by a relative decline in the realization of the real importance of risk-based development and testing. [...] Being a freelancer, I am often expected to answer absurd questions, like “how many testers should there be in a scrum team?”, or “how much testing do we need?” My automatic answer is “twenty percent”, which is popular and sometimes even right. [...]
Beginning with risk: the rationale
How is risk used in real IT projects? Typically, after some haggling about needs and requirements, development – agile and test-driven, or traditional – starts. No one asks the question, what process to use? – the process is simply there already. The decision, how much testing, or how thorough requirements verification, is needed, is taken ad hoc, and not based on risk analysis. [...]
Example risk-driven project
An e-mail arrived from a prospective customer to a mobile app vendor, with a rough-and-ready request for tender to develop a bar-code mobile app, designed especially for the recognition of certain brand-related issues. And of course, asking for tender, including time and price, without providing sufficient details; actually, no details, except the list of mobile platforms this app was supposed to run on. [...]
This presentation is not yet complete, but I will publish an article about Risk+Driven Development in the next issue of "Professional Tester" (to be distributed at "EuroSTAR"). Enjoy and feel welcome to comment.
Fin de siècle and software testing At the end of the 20th century,
a phenomenon occurred, that influenced testing profoundly: the
emergence of Internet technologies, which made dramatically novel
business approaches possible.
1. On one hand, this created the situation, where rapidly
changing requirements demanded shorter product life-cycles, and were
often incompatible with traditional methods of software development.
This meant the advent of XP and, to some extent, exploratory alias
context-driven, alias rapid testing 2. On the other hand, the enormous business
potential offered by the new technologies created demand for tools
enabling you to describe, optimize, automate or even obliterate and
replace , business processes accurately, flexibly and fast. This demand
created new, more powerful process modelling methods, including BPMN. These
were two surprisingly divergent trends: more discipline in business
processes, but the opposite – more laissez-faire - in software
development and testing.
Bosses, and older testers who has advanced to become bosses, get
certified in ITIL / PMI / IPMA / IIBA / COBIT / BPM and forget testing,
because it is hardly mentioned there – just like it was 40 years ago.
Testing, instead of becoming, together with requirements engineering,
part of the duopoly of power in IT projects, is still kept in power
antechamber, and relegated to “maven + jbehave + PageObject + Selenium”
spectrum. Business process testing may change this.
I am happy
to inform you that Polish Association for Requirements Engineering will
organize its first annual tournament in requirements engineering and business
analysis 14-15 May 2015 in Warsaw. You will find us on http://re-challenge.pl, but please note – this year, in
believe you may be interested anyway, since we are looking for international
speakers for the conference part of this event. Or maybe your organization
would like to become our partner? Please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.